New industrial giant for production of gasoline from natural plant
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov made working trip to Ahal Velayat where he inspected the construction of major facility of fuel and energy complex of the country – the plant for production which is under construction in Owadandepe.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov highlighted that owing to huge natural reserves, industrial and scientific potential, fuel and energy complex takes leading position in national economy. Implementation of latest achievements of scientific and technical progress, advanced technologies and modern equipment in this sphere will strengthen the positions of the country in the world energy markets.
In this context, the importance of unique, the only in the world plant for production of environmentally friendly synthetic gasoline from natural gas, which is to expand export capabilities of Turkmenistan significantly, has been mentioned.
The complex is built by joint efforts of the State Concern Turkmengas and consortium of the companies «Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd.» (Japan) and «Rönesans Endüstri Tesisleri Inşaat Sanaýi ve Ticaret A.Ş.» (Turkey). It is worth reminding that relative Agreement has been signed during official visit of the Preisdent of Turkmenistan to Japan in September 2013. Construcation launching ceremony was held with the participation of Head of the State Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov in August 2014.
Super modern petrochemical plant provided with latest equipment and advanced technologies from the famous world manufacturers will process 1,785,000,000 cubic meters of gas and produce 600,000 tons of A-92 (RON-92) gasoline per year, which meets the highest ecological requirement, as well as 12,000 tons of purified diesel fuel and 115,000 tons of liquefied gas. Total cost of this investment project is almost 1,700,000,000 US dollars. It is financed by the Japanese Bank for International Cooperation ((JBIC). It is remarkable that around 800 working places will be created after opening of the facility in 2019.
The facility includes four main technological installations – methanol and gasoline synthesis and improvement of quality of vehicle fuel. All processes are automated and operated from central control room. Auxiliary service for production of the components such as compressed air, nitrogen and oxygen necessary for technological process also operate at the plant. It also has the facilities for treatment of technological condensate, electrical substation and other.
Having highlighted that entering of petrochemical complex to full designed output capacity and efficient use of all capabilities directly depends on the level of qualification of specialists, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov addressed number of assignments on this account.
It is worth mentioning that new facility of national fuel and energy complex built in Ahal velayat is unique by many parameters. For the first time in the world practice, it will implement the distillation of natural gas to liquid fuel in industrial scales. The GTG, gas-to-gasoline, project is based on IGAS™ technology developed by Dutch company Haldor Topsоe, which allows to produce high quality gasoline with minimum energy losses and environmental impact using high efficient catalysts.
Synthetic gasoline is not only competitive alternative to traditional gasoline received from oil refining but also new type of energy carrier. It can be used both as fuel for vehicles without changing the construction of the engine and in addition, is suitable for dissolution of high viscosity oil as well as for blending with gasoline fractions received during refinery process, which gives an opportunity to produce wide range of ecological fuel.
In the beginning, natural gas received from the main pipeline will be cleaned from additives (sulphur and sulphur containing components). After, the gas is separated by the catalysts into hydrogen (H) and carbon monoxide (CO). These are the main components, which allows making almost any hydrocarbon production depending on the catalyst.
Reactor of auto thermal reforming is the main equipment for production of synthetic gas. Another component – pure oxygen, is required in this process. The oxygen is produced at air separator unit. Pure oxygen and natural gas are supplied to the reactor where they are burnt in swirl flame at the temperature above 1,000 Celsius degrees. Such reaction is exothermic and produced heat is used for production of steam.
After, having gone through special chillers, the gas is delivered under pressure to synthesis reactors. After, methanol is delivered to gasoline synthesis section, which includes six reactors, where operations for separation, fractioning, regeneration, improvement of quality and mixing of final production to gasoline are carried out. Special catalysts are placed inside these reactors.
In general, part of technology train is similar to traditional technology of gasoline production – the material undergoes the isomerisation process and separated to light and heavy fractions. Light gasoline goes to three tanks designated for ready-made production. The volume of each tank is 18,000 cubic meters. Heavy fractions go back of recycle processing.
It was mentioned that Turkmenistan stands for wide international cooperation in this strategic sphere, development of new models, which are to turn multilateral energy dialog to drive engine of the world development based on the balance of interests of all participants – the suppliers, transporters and consumers of energy resources, provision of equal, uninterrupted and guaranteed access to sources of energy and transportation methods.
Subjects related to energy range of issues, formation of new architecture of global energy security, international legal base of cooperation in energy sphere meeting the realities of the third millennium have been discussed several times at international forums held in Turkmenistan.
Today, integrated approach to the solutions of problems of energy security is required to provide its global security. In other words, it is important to develop political format of relations and mechanism of creation of organizational conditions for systematic, professional discussion of entire range of subjects of energy issues.
In this regard, Head of the State Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov proposed to be found special authority – the UN Energy Council, as well as the UN expert Group on Energy Security. According to Turkmenistan, current situation in this sector of the world economy dictates the necessity of development and adoption of relative UN Convention.
In this aspect, Forum of the International Energy Charter “Toward Multilateral Framework Agreement on Transit of Energy Resources”, which was held in May 2017 under the chairing of Turkmenistan on the Energy Charter Conference, was important measure. Fina document of the forum in Ashgabat was published in official languages of the United Nations as official document of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly.
Turkmenistan repeatedly initiated major energy projects that have important regional and global significance. It includes the construction of Turkmenistan – Afghanistan – Pakistan – India gas pipeline, which will not only allow increasing export potential of national fuel and energy complex but also will support the revival of economic and social infrastructure of neighbouring Afghanistan and its integration to modern system of the world economic relations, improvement of energy security and economic stability in the region, will make new perspectives for development of fruitful cooperation.
The Resolution making special mention of the importance of Turkmenistan’s initiatives on international projects in transport and energy spheres, in particular the construction of the TAPI gas line, Kerky – Imamnazar – Akina railway, Afghanistan – Turkmenistan – Azerbaijan – Georgia – Turkey transport corridor, has been adopted at the session of the UN Security Council in March 2018. The UN Security Council officially urged all members of the United Nations to support these projects and to assist to their efficient implementation.
Neutral Turkmenistan would continue taking most active part in constructive solution of the issues that have strategic importance in the context off the provision of global peace, prosperity and sustainable development.