Convention on Legal Status of Caspian Sea signed in Aktau
The Presidents of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, Azerbaijan and the Islamic Republic of Iran signed the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea.
Among other documents signed by the parties at the 5th Summit of the Heads of Caspian Littoral States are the Agreement between the Governments of the Caspian Littoral States on Trade and Economic Cooperation; the Agreement between the Governments of the Caspian Littoral States on Cooperation in the Sphere of Transport.
In Aktau was signet: the Agreement on the Prevention of Incidents in the Caspian Sea; the Protocol on Cooperation and Coordinated Action of Border Authorities to the Agreement on Security Cooperation in the Caspian Sea signed on 18 November 2010.
It was also signed: the Protocol on Cooperation in Combating Terrorism in the Caspian Sea to the Agreement on Security Cooperation in the Caspian Sea signed on 18 November 2010; the Protocol on Cooperation in Combating Organized Crime in the Caspian Sea to the Agreement on Security Cooperation in the Caspian Sea signed on 18 November 2010.
August 12, 2018 became indeed historical date. After twenty years of talks, Caspian states adopted the Convention on Legal Status of Caspian Sea this day, which has already been named as the Caspian Constitution.
The document has been signed during the V Summit of the Heads of Caspian States in Aktau by the Presidents of Turkmenistan, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, the Azerbaijan Republic and the Islamic Republic of Iran.
In addition of the Convention, important international Agreements on trade, economic and transport cooperation and on prevention of incidents in Caspian Sea, which have been elaborated by the initiative of Turkmen leader Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, were adopted at the high-level meeting of the Governments of five countries.
Three Cooperation Protocols in security sphere related to the combating of organized crime, terrorism and cooperation of the Coastguards of Caspian states have also been signed.
The first meeting of the foreign ministers of Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkmenistan dedicated to solution of the Caspian issues, particularly to coordination of the approaches to the development of the Convention on international and legal status of Caspian Sea was held in 1996.
8 similar meetings have been organized for the last 22 year of negotiation process. The last one was held on the threshold of V Caspian Summit in Aktau on August 11, 2018.
The countries have managed to achieve the consensus when agreeing on the text of the Convention, which indicates mutual respect and willingness t coordinated regulation of all coming issues.
The Convention of Legal Status of Caspian Sea will regulate the relations of all five Caspian states in the region. It says that seabed and subsoil of Caspian Sea will be divided by sectorial principle while the sea area into internal and territorial waters, fishing zones and common water space.
The Agreements on protection and rational use of water biological resources cooperation in prevention and response to emergency situations as well as in hydrometeorology, which were signed during the Astrakhan Summit in 2014, have entered into force. Intergovernmental Commission on protection, rational use of water biological resources and management of such resources has started its work.
Issues of consolidation of the cooperation in humanitarian sphere have been raised at the V Summit of the Heads of Caspian States. The sides agreed to hold the consultation on development of the tourism in Caspian Sea and to organize cultural exchanges, media forums, youth assemblies and sport competitions.